Madam C.J. Walker
Madam C.J. Walker was born in the 1860s right after the Emancipation Proclamation, and became one of the first self-made, female millionaires. A single mother making $2 a day, Walker had a flair for business and opened a hair and skincare line for African-American women. Not only did it give black women beauty products that were specifically made with their needs in mind, but Walker also created the "Walker Agent" program that was like the original Mary Kay model. Black women sold her products to friends and neighbors, giving them a chance to make decent, respectable money during a time when they were hard-pressed to find fair wages and work.