1. Josephine Baker
Born in the very racist United States in 1906, activist and performer, Josephine Baker fled to Paris where she made a huge name for herself. Although France was her adopted home, having renounced her U.S. citizenship, she worked tirelessly for the Civil Rights Movement back in the States. When she traveled to the U.S. she refused to perform for segregated audiences, worked with the NAACP, spoke out against racism in America, and was even approached by Coretta Scott King, after her husband's assassination, asking if she would take over as the leader of the Civil Rights Movement. Baker decided to politely decline the honor and position, citing the fact that she didn't want to risk the safety of her children.